SATB2 is a transcriptional regulator that plays an important role in osteoblastic differentiation. We examined the prevalence and potential significance of SATB2 expression in undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) of bone.
We examined 38 cases of bone UPS without osteoid. The male-to-female ratio was 1:1.4, with a median age of 48 years (range, 23-83 years). Tumors occurred primarily in the femur (n = 8) and ilium (n = 8), with a median tumor size of 9.5 cm (range, 1.8-27.0 cm). The median follow-up was 24.7 months (range, 2-82 months): 11 patients developed local recurrences, and 18 patients had metastases, mainly to lung and bone.
SATB2 expression (nuclear labeling ≥5%) was seen in 21 of 38 (55%) cases: 5 with focal (nuclear labeling 5%), 11 with patchy (nuclear labeling 5%-50%), and 5 with diffuse (nuclear labeling ≥50%) staining. Among this group, diffuse SATB2 expression demonstrated superior metastasis-free survival (P = .036) and event-free survival (P = .024). For comparison, 100 soft tissue UPS were stained; the majority were negative (75/100 [75%]).
UPS of bone demonstrated more frequent SATB2 expression compared with its soft tissue counterpart. In this series, diffuse SATB2 expression in UPS of bone was associated with better outcomes. Additional studies are still needed to determine its significance.