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Clinical Pathology

Peritubular Capillaritis in Native Kidney Biopsies

Abstract

Objectives

To determine the frequency and predictors of peritubular capillaritis (PTCitis) among native kidney biopsies.

Methods

Consecutive native kidney biopsies of 169 patients were reexamined for capturing possible PTCitis according to the Banff Classification. The relation of PTCitis with demographic and clinicopathologic findings was evaluated. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine predictors of PTCitis.

Results

Peritubular capillaritis was captured in 90 (53.3%) patients, with scores of 1, 2, and 3 in 57 (33.7%), 31 (18.3%), and 2 (1.2%) patients, respectively. The highest frequency of PTCitis was observed in pauci-immune glomerulonephritis. In univariate analysis, male sex, the presence of interstitial inflammation, pauci-immune glomerulonephritis, and a higher serum creatinine level were associated with a higher risk of PTCitis, while severe interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy was associated with a lower risk. The presence of interstitial inflammation (odds ratio [OR], 5.94 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.41-25.03]; P = .015), pauci-immune glomerulonephritis (OR, 3.08 [95% CI, 1.01-9.36]; P = .048), and a higher serum creatinine level (per 1 mg/dL) (OR, 1.56 [95% CI, 1.14-2.11]; P = .005) were independent predictors of PTCitis development in a multivariate regression model.

Conclusions

Peritubular capillaritis is common in native biopsies and more likely to be observed in the presence of interstitial inflammation, pauci-immune glomerulonephritis, and a higher serum creatinine level.

This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model)

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