To investigate the gene mutational profile of urachal carcinoma in correlation with its clinicopathologic features.
We analyzed genetic mutations in 30 cases of urachal carcinoma by next-generation sequencing (NGS) test. Histologic slides and clinical data were reviewed.
The patients included 21 men and 9 women, with a mean age of 53 years (range, 24-75 years). The urachal carcinomas included mucinous (11), enteric (10), signet ring cell (8), and high-grade neuroendocrine (1) subtypes. Targeted NGS analysis demonstrated genetic mutations in all the urachal tumors (mean, 2; range, 1-4). TP53 was the most mutated gene (25), followed by KRAS (9) and GNAS (8) genes. TP53 mutations were more common in the signet ring cell subtype (7/8), and GNAS mutations were present only in the mucinous (5/11) and signet ring cell subtypes (3/8) but not in the enteric subtype (0/10). KRAS mutations were significantly associated with cancer stage IV (P = .02) and younger patient age (P = .046). Furthermore, the presence of KRAS mutations in urachal carcinoma portended a poorer overall survival (P = .006).
Urachal carcinoma demonstrates frequent gene mutations that are associated with distinct clinicopathologic features. Gene mutation may underlie the development and progression of this aggressive disease.